The aim of the agreement is to strengthen immediate cooperation and coordination between the eight Arctic states (Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States) to combat oil spills in the Arctic. Source: www.arctic-council.org/eppr/agreement-on-cooperation-on-marine-oi…, downloaded 20140515 Overall, the agreement is widely used as a means of implementing, under the unique conditions of the Arctic, the broader international convention on oil pollution preparedness, response and cooperation in 1990, to which all Arctic states have acceded. It provides for the parties to cooperate and assist a party requesting assistance in dealing with an oil pollution incident. Key elements of the agreement include commitments: aware of the parties` commitment to protecting the Arctic marine environment and the importance of hydrocarbon pollution prevention precautions, the main or judicial body primarily activates its response protocols, which are generally included in an emergency or response plan. This is a kind of initial evaluation and notification procedure for key internal and external stakeholders. According to national response systems, a similar activity is usually carried out by a polluting or responsible party. The Kingdom of Denmark, including Greenland and faeces – marine areas above the southern border of Greenland`s exclusive economic zone and the faecal fishing area; d. a mechanism or agreement to coordinate the response to an oil pollution incident, with, if necessary, the means to mobilize the necessary resources. 1. The parties encourage cooperation and coordination by striving to organize joint exercises and trainings, including warning or call-out exercises, table exercises, equipment exercises and other relevant activities. 2.
The parties regularly review and review, through their relevant national authorities, operational issues related to the implementation of this agreement, where appropriate, in cooperation with the relevant authorities, including, but not exclusively, the Arctic Council. Operational issues include cooperation and the exchange of available information. The starting point for the development of operational directions was the definition of basic chronological activities, which are typically related to response to incidents. In order to facilitate discussions and reach consensus on the framework, a diagram of a typical incident scenario was developed, with plans to implement the elements of the agreement. (see Appendix 1). The following four general activities were proposed: (a) assess the event to determine if it was an oil pollution incident; 1. The parties encourage cooperation and exchange of information that can improve the effectiveness of preparedness and response measures in the event of oil spills.