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Heads Of Agreement On Commonwealth And State Roles And Responsibilities For The Environment

2.27 The government`s 1996 environmental declaration, “Save Our Natural Heritage,” contained a commitment in paragraph 6.13 The IGAE sets out in Section 3 a number of environmental policy principles that should influence environmental practices and practices. Among these principles is the need for parties to integrate environmental concerns into government decision-making at all levels. The IGAE also describes the following principles: in November 1997, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) endorsed the principle of Heads of State and Government on the role and responsibility of the Commonwealth in the environment. Subsequently, all heads of government and the Australian Local Government Association signed the agreement. In the Agreement, states and territories and the Commonwealth agreed that reform in the following five areas was needed to create a more effective framework for intergovernmental relations in the environmental field: national environmental issues; Environmental assessment and approval procedures; welcoming, protecting and managing cultural monuments; Compliance with government environmental and planning rules and better implementation of national environmental programmes. The next step in the process of environmental responsibility and responsibility was the development in 1998 of the Environmental protection and biodiversity act, which is outlined in the next chapter. 6.30 Others who were concerned about the transfer of power to states through an accreditation process stressed the Commonwealth`s responsibility to comply with international treaties and conventions. The Centre for Natural Resources Law and Policy at the University of Wollongong argued that Australia is currently taking a minimalist approach to its obligations under international environmental treaties: [49] Australia is a party to a series of “framework conventions” in the environmental field, which offer broad environmental coverage. See, for example.

B Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, open for signature on 22 March 1985, 1513 UNTS 323 (entered into force on 22 September 1988); The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, open for signature on 10 December 1982, 1833 UNTS 396 (entered into force on 16 November 1994); Convention on the Control and Disposal of Cross-Border Movements of Dangerous Waste, opened for signature on 22 March 1989, 1673 UNTS 125 (entered into force on 5 May 1992); Convention on Biological Diversity, opened for signature on 5 June 1992, 1760 UNTS 142 (came into force on 29 December 1993); United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, open for signature on 9 May 1992, 1771 UNTS 164 (entered into force on 24 March 1994). In addition, Australia has made international commitments to protect territories and species of global importance on its territory, such as World Heritage regions, in accordance with the World Heritage Convention, through N 22; wetlands: in accordance with the Convention on Wetlands of the International Sign, which came into force on 21 December 1975, in particular as a habitat for waterfowl, opened for signature on 2 February 1971, 996 UNTS 245 (came into force on 21 December 1975) (hereafter the Ramsar Wetlands Convention); and migratory species: in accordance with the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species, opened for signature on 23 June 1979, 1651 UNTS 355 (came into force on 1 November 1983). 6.26 The Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF) also criticised the IGAE and stated that “state governments are constrained by their intrinsic nature and, in many cases, by their limited expertise in taking effective measures on national and international environmental impact. For these issues, the Commonwealth`s involvement is essential and appropriate. [17] 2.29 At the end of 1996, the working group sought advice from the Councils of Relevant Ministers and more than fifty environmental and industrial non-governmental organizations. About 40 submissions were received from conservation organizations, industry, heritage, planning